Veterinaria ISSN 2409-4676
2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Pages 18-20
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Research article   
Incidence of Repeat Breeding in Cattle and Buffaloes of Pakistan
Muhammad Athar Khan a, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq a, Munibullah a*, Amjad Khan a, Naseer Ahmad b, Mudussar Nawaz c

Department of Epidemiology and Public health, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.
Department of Poultry Science, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan
c Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary & Animals Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Repeat breeding (RB), is one of the costly problems for the dairy producers, which could be defined as a failure of cow to conceive from three or more than 3 consecutively spaced services in absence of any detectable abnormality. To determine the incidence of RB in cattle and buffaloes, data about totally 32338 dairy animals of which 12149 cows and 20189 buffaloes in 82 villages were collected. The overall incidence of repeat breeding in 82 villages of Pakistan was 8.29% which are in 8.9% (1799/21189) in buffalo and 7.27% (883/12149) in cattle. The incidence was higher in buffaloes that are mostly because of their silent heat and docile nature which makes it difficult to detect it at the right time. The incidence of RB varies with breed, age, agro-climatic and managemental conditions. Incidence of RB had found higher in older and higher milk producing dairy animals. In conclusion the results of our study show that the RBS was higher in buffaloes than in cattle and reduce reproductive performance of buffaloes and cattle.
Keywords: Incidence, Repeat breeding, Agro-climate, Silent heat, Cattle & Buffaloes.

Received:  November 11, 2015        Revised:  February 01, 2016          Accepted:   February  01, 2016                            
*Corresponding author:  Munibullah        E-mail: