In Situ Latex Agglutination in Seroprevalance of Toxoplasmosis in Pastoral Herds of Goat and Attendants in Premises of Fort Munro Punjab, Pakistan
Shams-ur-Rehman a, Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad a, Muhammad Ehsan b, M.Waqas Hassan b, Muhammad Ali Memon b, Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi c, Abid Ali c , Muhammad Haseeb c*
a Department of Epidemiology and Public health, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.
b College of Veterinary Preventive Medicines, Nanjing Agricultural University, Jiangsu PR, China
c Department of Animal Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
T. gondii is causative agent that responsible one-celled parasite, "Toxoplasma", with zoonotic properties, it cause major problem in ovine and caprine family through cat which is act as a carrier. A cross sectional study was conducted on 52 pastoral herds of goats and herd-attendants during March, 2013 to May, 2013 to observe the prevalence and investigate the potential risk factors of Toxoplasmosis in pastoral goats and herd attendants in Fort Munro Punjab, Pakistan. A total of 237 goats from 52 pastoral herds and their 92 male herd-attendants were screened using Latex agglutination test. Overall 27% prevalence was recorded in goats, 69% in pastoral herds and 19.6% in herd-attendants. The prevalence of disease was 14.77% in Pahari and 12.24% in Hairy goat breed whereas 21.52% in female and 5.49% in males. Seropositivity trend was increased with increase in the age of goats and attendants. Natural water reservoirs, presence of cats and dogs in herds, offering raw meat offal to cats and dogs and pastoral grazing itself were significant risk factors of Toxoplasmosis for goats. Risk factors like, medium-cooked meat, eating unwashed fruits and raw vegetables and access of cats to water and food were significantly associated with Toxoplasmosis in herd attendants. It is concluded that disease burden of Toxoplasmosis is increasing gradually and globally. It can be reduce in human beings and animals by reducing risk factors and maintaining proper hygienic events