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Science Letters  ISSN 2311-3219
2017 | Volume 5 | Issue 3  | Pages 217-224

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Research article
Economic Burden of Conflicts on Farmers' Output in South-west Nigeria
Ashagidigbi Waheed Mobolaji 1*, Sulaiman Adesina Yusuf 2, Rasheed Adebola Olubodun 2

Agricultural and Resource Economics Department, Federal University of Technology,  Akure, Nigeria
Agricultural Economics Department, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Abstract
Conflicts between Fulani herdsmen and arable crop farmers have become a common phenomenon in Nigeria, especially in the Southern part. The competition for land between these two stakeholders has caused losses in agricultural outputs and also inflicted the economic burden on both user-groups. Thus, the growing need to examine the economic burden of the conflicts is germane. Primary data were used and Multistage Sampling approach was adopted in selecting 160 farmers and 60 herdsmen in the study area. Descriptive statistics, economic loss model and Tobit regression model were the analytic tools employed. The findings revealed that mean loss of $2,045.39 was incurred by arable farmers due to loss of lives, while their output was reduced by about 26% as a result of the conflicts. The major cause of conflict from the farmers' perspective was the destruction of crops by cattle, while herdsmen attributed it to blockage of stock routes. Creation of grazing routes and launching of crisis prevention initiatives are policy options that could be adopted to prevent economic loss and increase productivity among the farmers.       

A R T I CL E  I N F O

Received
June 18, 2017
Accepted
August 28, 2017
Abstract Published
September 20, 2017
Manuscript Published
December 25, 2017

*Corresponding Author
Ashagidigbi Waheed Mobolaji
E-mail
ashagidigbi2000@yahoo.co.uk

Keywords
Productivity
Economic burden
Conflicts
Arable farmers
Herdsmen