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ISSN 2410-955X - An International Biannual Journal
BIOMEDICAL LETTERS
Relationship of smoking with alteration in body physiology
Ghulam Khalid Mahmood 1, Muhammad Habib Ur Rehman 2, Asma Sardar 1, Muhammad Wajid 1, Muhammad Saleem Khan 1*, Sheraz Khan 1, Maria Akram 1, Muhammad Idrees 3, Waheed Alam 4, Jamil Akhtar 5

1 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Okara, Okara, Pakistan
2 King Ed Ward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
3 Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Okara, Okara, Pakistan
4 Public Health Laboratories Division, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan
5 College of Medical Laboratory Technology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract
Cigarette smoking has harmful effects on the physiology of the body. Higher exposure to smoking causes musculoskeletal disorders, including depressed muscle protein synthesis, arterial stiffness, reduction in serum HDL level, cerebral aneurysm, weight loss and obesity. The present study was carried out in the different areas of Tehsil Mailsi and District Vehari through a survey in form of a questionnaire, and the blood samples were collected randomly. A total of 431 persons participated in the recent survey, with 51.28% being from rural areas and 48.49% hailing from cities. The sample population had 26.45% chain smokers, 45.48% light smokers, and 27.48% ex-smokers. As a result of their company, the majority of them begin to smoke as a fashion statement. It was determined that cigarette smoking has numerous consequences on human physiology, however, the level of CBC was observed as normal due to increased physical activity and natural food consumption. It was concluded that no significant values were explored.









   



A R T I C L E  I N F O

Received
March 30, 2022
Revised
May 09, 2022
Accepted
June 27, 2022

*Corresponding Author
Muhammad Saleem Khan
E-mail
samikhan@uo.edu.pk

Keywords
Smoking
Cerebral aneurysm
musculoskeletal disorders
Cardiac diseases









































2022 | Volume 8 | Issue 2