Role of Nanotechnology in Animal Nutrition, Health and Reproduction
Syed Muhammad Raza 1*, Syeda Kainat Fatima 1, Shams-ul-Haq 1, Tehreem Sajjad 1, Natasha Noor 1, Ayesha Maheen 1, Syed Zain-ul-Abideen 1, Muhammad Farhan Rahim 2
1 Faculty of Veterinary and Animals Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Murree Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
2 Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary and Animals Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Murree Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Nanotechnology is considered the most exponential technology in the veterinary sciences, especially animal breeding. It has also worked wonders in providing good habitual conditions and a properly livable environment for animals supported by good hygiene and proper maintenance of animal feed. The achievements of nanotechnology in every field are surprisingly amazing but its lead in the field of livestock is pre-eminent. Nanotechnology is facilitating veterinary science by aiding in the diagnosis and therapeutic purposes. The scope of nanotechnology is not just limited to better and increased animal reproduction and breeding, but it also has made its way to animal nutrition, therapeutics, diagnosis, and animal hygiene. Different nanoparticles with magnetic properties are useful in diagnostics along with other techniques like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In medicine, nanoparticles act as carriers for different drugs and growth promoters. The antimicrobial properties of various nanoparticles make them more significant for both animal and public health. Nanotechnology as an alternative to antibiotics has cast a good reflection on the sector of public health. In this review, we discussed the advantageous nature and significance of nanomaterials in contrast to nanoparticles. The paper also entitles the application and exquisite performance of nanotechnology in veterinary sciences.